If you are not self-confident, then it is better not to drive in winter at all. Firstly, it is extremely dangerous, and secondly, it is expensive. In winter there is a sharp increase in wear and tear of all parts of the car. Sometimes drivers mistakenly assert, as if car preparation for winter consists only of substitution of tires and pouring of winter grade of oil and antifreeze, but it is not so. The process of preparation consists of several elements, non-compliance with which may lead to disastrous consequences. You can apply to a service station, you can do yourself seasonal maintenance. And if the car has not been running for a long time, you can use the service scrap your car near me.
A dead battery is the most frequent source of problems in winter. Make sure it is charged, then clean the terminals and check that the contacts are tight. If the battery is serviceable, check the electrolyte level, top up with distilled water if necessary, and be sure to recharge it with the charger so that the filled water mixes with the electrolyte. Warning! Only distilled water should be poured in, otherwise you will ruin your battery.
As for the charging time, it can be determined based on the measured density of the electrolyte, which will tell us about the degree of battery discharge. By the way, you can also check it with a tester. The test is carried out after an hour of idle time from the moment of switching off the engine and sources of consumption.
Capacity of the battery (for example, 55 ampere-hours) is multiplied by the missing percentage (e.g. 50%) and we get the required number of ampere-hours (in our case 22.5). Divide this number by the charging current reduced by one and a half to two times (this takes into account the charging efficiency) and we get the charging time.
For example, 22,5/2=11,2 hours.
Degree of charge of the battery pack:
1.27 – Density of electrolyte, g/cm³.
12.7 – Voltage at least, V.
100% – Degree of charge.
1,23 – Density of electrolyte, g/cm³.
12,5 – Voltage not less than, V.
75% – Degree of charge.
1,19 – Density of electrolyte, gr/cm³.
12,3 – Voltage not less than, V.
50% – Degree of charge.
After recharging it is advisable to check the density of the electrolyte. If it is below 1.27, you must either bring it up to normal, or consider replacing the battery.
2. Windshield Wipers .
In winter, you’ll have to use your windshield wiper blades more often than ever. So, take care to buy them.
The good condition of wiper blades should also be no doubt, but if they are, do not be lazy to change them (it is better to change them at the beginning of each winter), if you want you can change the wiper blades as a complete set.
The windshield washer tank must be filled with non-freezing fluid, otherwise there may be damage to the tank or the pump. Make sure the nozzles are not clogged and properly adjusted.
3. 3. Cooling System
The coolant should not be questionable. If you forgot the last time you checked the fluid level, you should do so before winter. You can measure the density of antifreeze with an areometer and use the scale to see what temperature the antifreeze can withstand. If the color of the antifreeze is dark red, it should be changed immediately, because it indicates that corrosion has started in the cooling system.
Check for leaks from under the spigots and seals. If the fittings are very old, it is a good idea to replace them. This way you will save nerves and money on buying new antifreeze and torn hoses.
Except for emergency cases, never pour plain water into cooling system. This way you worsen the additive package and lubricating properties of the antifreeze.
4. Auxiliary unit drive belts.
Look for damage to the belts (cracks, delamination), check and adjust the alternator belt tension, and replace if necessary.
5. Starter and alternator
If you haven’t looked into the alternator and starter for a while and you’ve gone over 100,000 km before winter it’s time to overhaul these two very important items. Checking bushings, bearings, lubricating them, replacing worn brushes and restoring manifold surfaces will help you get through the cold weather without too much trouble.
Choosing the right engine oil is another component of trouble-free winter car operation. Read more about engine oil to learn what it is and how to choose.
Transmission oils are also divided by viscosity.